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clonidine (oral)

clonidine (oral)

Pronunciation: KLOE ni deen

Brand: Catapres, Kapvay, Kapvay Dose Pack

Catapres 0.2 mg

oval, orange, imprinted with BI7

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Clonidine 0.1 mg-PUR

round, orange, imprinted with R127

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Catapres 0.3 mg

oval, peach, imprinted with BI11

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Clonidine 0.1 mg-MYL

round, white, imprinted with MYLAN 152

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Clonidine 0.2 mg-MUT

round, white, imprinted with MP 658

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Clonidine 0.2 mg-PUR

round, orange, imprinted with 128, R

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Catapres 0.1 mg

oval, tan, imprinted with Bl6

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Clonidine 0.1 mg-ESI

round, blue, imprinted with LL, C 42

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Clonidine 0.3 mg-MYL

round, white, imprinted with MYLAN 199

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Clonidine 0.1 mg-MUT

round, yellow, imprinted with MP 657

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Clonidine 0.2 mg-MYL

round, white, imprinted with MYLAN 186

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Clonidine 0.3 mg-MUT

round, green, imprinted with MP 659

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What is the most important information I should know about clonidine?

Before you take clonidine, tell your doctor if you have heart disease or severe coronary artery disease, a heart rhythm disorder, slow heartbeats, low blood pressure, a history of heart attack or stroke, kidney disease, or if you have ever had an allergic reaction to a clonidine transdermal skin patch (Catapres TTS).

Multum donot

Do not take two forms of clonidine at the same time.

If you need surgery, tell the surgeon ahead of time that you are using clonidine. You may need to stop using the medicine for a short time.

Do not stop using clonidine suddenly, or you could have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Ask your doctor how to safely stop using clonidine.

If you are being treated for high blood pressure, keep using this medication even if you feel well. High blood pressure often has no symptoms. You may need to use blood pressure medication for the rest of your life.

Multum dizzy

Clonidine may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert.

What is clonidine?

Clonidine lowers blood pressure by decreasing the levels of certain chemicals in your blood. This allows your blood vessels to relax and your heart to beat more slowly and easily.

Clonidine is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). The Kapvay brand of clonidine is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Clonidine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking clonidine?

Multum donot

You should not take this medication if you are allergic to clonidine.

To make sure clonidine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:

  • heart disease or severe coronary artery disease;
  • heart rhythm disorder, slow heartbeats;
  • low blood pressure;
  • a history of heart attack or stroke;
  • pheochromocytoma (tumor of the adrenal gland);
  • kidney disease; or
  • if you have ever had an allergic reaction to a clonidine transdermal skin patch (Catapres TTS).
Multum nopreg

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether clonidine will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication.

Multum nobrfeed

Clonidine can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Do not take this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

Multum nochild

Do not give Kapvay to a child younger than 6 years old.

How should I take clonidine?

Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Do not take two forms of clonidine at the same time.

Clonidine may be taken with or without food.

Multum shake

Shake the oral suspension (liquid) well just before you measure a dose. Measure the liquid with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

Multum nocrush

Do not crush, chew, or break an extended-release tablet. Swallow it whole.

If you need surgery, tell the surgeon ahead of time that you are using clonidine. You may need to stop using the medicine for a short time.

Do not stop using clonidine suddenly, or you could have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Ask your doctor how to safely stop using clonidine.

If you are being treated for high blood pressure, keep using this medication even if you feel well. High blood pressure often has no symptoms. You may need to use blood pressure medication for the rest of your life.

Multum rt

Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Multum emt

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose symptoms may include high blood pressure (severe headache, blurred vision, buzzing in your ears, anxiety, confusion, chest pain, shortness of breath) followed by low blood pressure (feeling light-headed, fainting), cold feeling, shallow breathing, weakness, fainting, or pinpoint pupils.

What should I avoid while taking clonidine?

Avoid becoming overheated or dehydrated during exercise and in hot weather.

Multum noalcohol

Drinking alcohol can increase certain side effects of clonidine.

Multum dizzy

Clonidine may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert.

What are the possible side effects of clonidine?

Multum emt

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Multum calldoc

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • fast or pounding heartbeats, tremors;
  • a very slow heart rate (fewer than 60 beats per minute);
  • feeling short of breath, even with mild exertion;
  • swelling, rapid weight gain;
  • confusion, hallucinations;
  • flu symptoms;
  • urination problems; or
  • feeling like you might pass out.

Other common side effects may include:

  • drowsiness, dizziness;
  • feeling tired or irritable;
  • cold symptoms such as runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, cough, sore throat;
  • mood changes;
  • sleep problems (insomnia), nightmares;
  • headache, ear pain;
  • mild fever;
  • feeling hot;
  • constipation, diarrhea, pain in your upper stomach;
  • dry mouth, increased thirst; or
  • loss of interest in sex, impotence, difficulty having an orgasm.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect clonidine?

Multum dizzy

Taking clonidine with other drugs that make you sleepy or slow your breathing can increase these effects. Ask your doctor before taking clonidine with a sleeping pill, narcotic pain medicine, muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxiety, depression, or seizures.

Tell your doctor about all medicines you use, and those you start or stop using during your treatment with clonidine, especially:

  • clonidine transdermal skin patches (Catapres TTS);
  • digoxin, digitalis;
  • an antidepressant such as amitriptyline, clomipramine, doxepin, imipramine, nortriptyline, and others;
  • a beta-blocker such as atenolol, carvedilol, labetalol, metoprolol, nadolol, propranolol, sotalol, and others;
  • heart or blood pressure medicine such as amlodipine, diltiazem, nifedipine, verapamil, and others;
  • medicines to treat psychiatric disorders, such as chlorpromazine, clozapine, fluphenazine, haloperidol, olanzapine, perphenazine, prochlorperazine, risperidone, thiothixene, trifluoperazine, and others; or
  • any other drugs to treat high blood pressure or heart problems.

This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with clonidine, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about clonidine.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2014 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 8.02. Revision date: 1/5/2013.

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Last modified on: 21 November 2014


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